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About Jim Locksley

One day when I was walking around my college campus, I saw a group of people with these yellow tripods. At first I thought they might be photographers, but they sure looked like strange ones! I went up and asked them what they were doing, and it turns out they were a group of students from a construction class who were surveying the land for a project. I was fascinated. I was able to sign up for the class the next semester, and while it didn't stick or change my professional trajectory, it did create a new hobby for me! Ever since then, I've been interested in construction, from surveying to management to the actual building. I figured running a blog about it would give me a nice excuse to keep up my interests!

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Building Down To Build Up: Water Well Building Basics

by Mike Brewer

Water well building is a bit of strange task. You are digging or boring into the ground to find water. Then creating a way to protect that water so that a pump can suck the water out of the ground and channel it into your home. What you may not know about well contractors is that they have a couple of different ways of "building" a well. These are just the basics of that process.

The Boring Bit

By the heading, you probably thought this was a section you should skip, right? Well, no, you should not skip this section. It is about the drill bit used to rapidly ascend into the earth to the source of water you want to tap. If your well contractor did not use a bit to bore down through the earth, he/she would spend days with a large crew digging the well and paving the sides with brick all the way down as they go.

With the bit, they spend maybe a day, but often just a few hours, drilling down to the aquifer (i.e., your source of water). Right before they break through to the water, they pull the boring bit out of the hole. Then they begin inserting and stacking concrete rings into the well from the bottom up.

Building the Sides of the Well with Concrete Rings

Each concrete ring fits together like a vertical puzzle because each ring has a set of grooves and tongues that fit into each other. A little bit of mortar may be used to fill in the seams between rings. This process takes a few hours to complete, and then another hour or so for the mortar to dry. When the "walls" are ready, the contractor sends the bit back into the well to tap the water and let the water rise up into the concrete column that is the well.

Inserting the Well Pump

Well pumps are surprisingly heavy. That said, you may notice your well contractor using a power winch or some other means to lift and lower your new well pump into the well. All the electrical wiring, hoses and related pipe are established, installed, and mostly connected prior to lowering the pump into the well. The pump is turned on once it has been confirmed that the pump has hit the bottom of the well and is in a good position.

Contact a service, like Jackson Well Services, for more help. 

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